To install Windows 95, (all
versions), you must use the diskette provided with the CD-ROM or a
boot disk created by another Windows95 computer. This diskette is
the boot disk which will prepare your hard drive for installing
the operating system. This disk may not have the drivers for
your CD-ROM. The CD-ROM should have come with
diskettes for preparing the CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT files for
recognizing the CD-ROM. During the Windows 95 installation, you
will be asked for these diskettes.
We provide the Universal
IDE CD Rom drivers for Windows95 in our File
Download area, this file contains
instructions for installing these drivers.
If you already have your hard drive
prepared but are changing the motherboard then I strongly suggest
that you do a back up of your drive and re-install the operating
system with the new devices. It is possible to use the
device manager within Windows 95 and delete extras. However, if
you notice strange events then your first step in troubleshooting
should be to perform a clean installation, that is to completely
remove the old copy of Windows from the hard drive before
This procedure should only
server as a general reference for a simple installation.
Special problems may arise that are outside the scope of this
Usually, installing an operating
system goes smoothly, at least on a clean hard drive, one that is
freshly formatted. If you hard drive contains data, the remnants
of a previous installation of Windows you may experience problems.
I highly recommend formatting your hard drive before installing
any version of Windows.
So... let's get started!!
CD and Boot
Place your boot disk in the floppy drive and your
CD in the CD drive, now turn on the computer. After the
computer has Posted and then Booted, be sure the CD drive is
working. At the Dos command prompt a:\ Type: D:
[press enter], (note* if you CD drive is a different
Letter, substitute that Letter for D). The command
prompt will change to D:\ if you CD drive is working properly.
At the DOS prompt, Type D:\setup
[press enter] and we shall begin.
The first thing you will see is the setup program
begin to run SCANDISK on your hard drive. This will proceed
automatically and, hopefully, without errors. If you get an
error stating that you have no extended memory manager, do not be
concerned. This is probably because this drive is new and you
don't have DOS installed on it. Simply hit ESC and move on.
You will now see the graphical interface of Windows
95 and a Welcome screen. You should see a mouse cursor. Makes sure
your mouse works. If not, turn off the computer and double-check
the mouse connections. You can setup Win95 without a mouse, but I
wouldn't recommend it. Now, click on [Continue].
You should see the Setup Wizard load, followed by
the license agreement. Read it, if you want, then
Setup will tell you all about the three phases of
this install process. Click [Next].
You will be prompted to tell the computer which
directory to install Windows95. The default is C:\WINDOWS,
and I strongly recommend leaving this value at default. Click
Setup will now run some routine tests on your
system. After it is done, you will be offered four options for a
Pick the option you prefer.
If this is the first time installing Windows95, I recommend
choosing Typical. If you are fairly
knowledgeable and wish to control the options installed,
then choose Custom. Portable
and compact are best not used on a desktop machine.
Setup will prompt you for a string of numbers and
letters, commonly referred to as the CD Key. This code is
written on your Certificate of Authenticity.
Now, setup will analyze your computer to see what
components or hardware is installed. When asked if it has a MIDI
or sound card, or video capture card, check the appropriate boxes.
This search may take several minutes, and expect your hard drive
to be very loud and active.
Windows will ask you which components you would
like to install. Simply click on those you want. I recommend
choosing at least the following:
- Disk Tools
Even if you don't have a network, but you have a
modem, Windows will want to add drivers for TCP/IP connection to
the Internet. Just accept the defaults and move on. This can be
You will be asked for your network identification.
These boxes each have special meanings and must have something
typed into each one, as follows:
This box is used to Identify your computer and
should be your ISP "User Name." It is also used as
the identify on your network.
This is the name of your network, if your computer
is not connected to other computers by a network card and
only has a modem, anything here will do.
Description: It really does not
matter what is typed in this box. To date I have found no
reason for this box to exist. Typically I just leave what
ever exists in this box.
Change any settings that aren't right. Some drivers
will have to be installed later and cannot be modified at this
time. It is best to allow the settings to remain as they are
and deal with it later.
Windows will ask you if you want to make a startup
disk. Make one now if you wish. You can always make one later as
well. Typically, I do not make a startup disk at this time,
since I already have a boot disk.
Setup will now copy all of the files to your
computer's hard drive. This may take awhile depending on the speed
of your system. When it is finished, click [Finished].
Well, first Windows 95 boot. You will see a nice
blue screen. At the bottom, it will say "Getting Ready To Run
Windows 95 For The First Time". It will do some thinking, and
it might take a while. Just let it go.
You will be prompted for a password. This is an
important step and many people mess this one up. If you have
a need to keep people from entering your computer, then put a
password in and click [OKAY].
BUT, if you are
using this machine at home and never want to be bothered entering
a password each time Windows95 restarts, leave the password fields
empty. In this way you do not have a password on the
computer and it never asks for one, saving a great deal of time
during the boot process.
Windows will now detect all plug-and-play devices
and configure them automatically.
A world map will now appear with settings for your
time zone. If you are installing OSR1, you can click on the map on
your location and set the time zone. In OSR2, Microsoft made
the map unclickable, so you will have to chose it manually
from the drop down box.
The Add Printer Wizard will appear. You can install
your printer now, if you like, or later if you want. If you'd like
to wait, just hit [Cancel].
You will see a dialog saying setup is done. Click [OK]
and the system will reboot.
Upon reboot, you should see basic Widows 95. At
this point, you can check a few things to just to make sure setup
did its job and that there are no problems. Right-click on "My
Computer" and choose "Properties".
Then, just double-check everything. Is the correct CPU detected?
Right amount of memory? Now, you can click on the "Device
Manager" tab. Do you see any balloons with questions
marks? If so you will need to check for IRQ conflicts and insure
that the proper driver is installed. Is all of your hardware
devices listed? So modems need the drivers installed before
Windows95 will detect them. At this point, if you have specific
problems with devices, you can ask how to solve them on PCBUILD
Additional Device Drivers
If you're like most, you have additional hardware
that is not yet set up. This probably includes your video card,
sound card, modem, etc. Install these drivers now. Follow the
procedures outlined in their documentation. You may have to reboot
a few times.
At this point, reboot your computer and make sure
everything works. Then, change your desktop, screensaver, and any
other display properties as you wish.
now successfully installed Windows95.