Okay... the UpGrade and floppy
/ CD-based installations come together now with Setup restarting
your PC, there are some minor variations depending on which path
you followed, and options you may have chosen earlier. So I may
describe some steps you've already seen, or that won't see...
or after writing all this, maybe I am brain dead... *grin*
When the first stages of the
boot succeed, the screen turns blue with the legend
"Windows 2000 Setup" displayed at the top, and the
message "Press F6 if you need to install a third-party SCSI
or RAID driver" shown at the bottom. If you're running a
server with a RAID array, you must push F6 at this point and
supply the disk for your RAID controller (the on-screen
instructions will tell you what to do). Keep that disk handy
too, since you'll need it later on when Win2000 copies files to
you hard drive.
Setup now copies a few files
required to begin installation, including device drivers that
may be needed in the initial stages, as well as the Win2000
kernel itself. When the kernel boots, the screen will flicker
and you'll see (after another short delay) Setup's Welcome
screen. To start the Setup, press Enter.
The first stage of Setup,
which is conducted entirely in the blue-screened text mode,
involves making some basic decisions about your system setup and
copying over the files needed to run Win2000.
If you're installing Win2000
on a system with a blank hard drive or with an incompatible file
system, you'll get a warning about this, and will be asked to
press C to continue setup. (If you
continue, all contents of your hard drive will be erased.)
The next step (for non-GUI
installations) is the licensing agreement. Just press F8 to
Setup's next step is to poll the available drives on your
system and look for volumes where Win2000 can be installed. If
you read the list of available disks and don't see a drive you
know to be there or you get an error message that no drives can
be found, then chances are you don't have a needed disk
controller installed. This happens more frequently with RAID
controllers that aren't specified at the start of booting.
Look at the list of available drives and select the
volume, or partition, where you want Win2000's files to reside.
If you haven't determined yet where it should be installed, you
can always quit the installation, and read through the first
several pages of this story to help form your decision. This
isn't a good time to hazard an impulsive guess. Once you've
figured it out, restart the setup process.
You can select an empty
partition or one that already has data on it. If you choose an
existing FAT or FAT32 partition, you'll be asked whether you
want to convert that partition to NTFS. If you don't want to
make any changes to the partition type, just select "No
changes." In fact, when in doubt, do
not convert to NTFS. You can always upgrade a FAT or
FAT32 partition to NTFS later (using the CONVERT command). You
have an especially good reason to leave it alone if you're
creating a multiple-boot environment, or if you're just testing
Windows 2000, possibly temporarily. The only time you should
convert to NTFS is if you're running a clean install on a
machine that will have only Windows 2000 on it, and you have no
intention of switching Windows versions any time soon.
If you press C to create a partition in an empty space,
you have the option to choose how big a partition you want to
create and what file system to use, including FAT, FAT32, or
NTFS. Bear in mind that if nothing else stands in the way of
installing NTFS, it's a better file system than any of the FAT
file systems. (The version of NTFS that comes with Windows 2000
is a slight upgrade over the NT 4.0 version.) Unlike NT 4.0,
Win2000 recognizes FAT32 drives. For flexibility's sake, FAT32
is probably your better choice in a multiple Windows
environment, so long as your existing Windows supports it.
Pre-Windows 95B and all previous versions of NT do not support
FAT32. If any of those operating systems is present on your
system, install Win2000 to a FAT or FAT32 partition. To prevent
possible compatibility problems, I recommend that a system
partition should not be larger than 2GB, at least at first, no
matter what file system you're using. That helps you avoid
compatibility problems with older versions of Windows, and also
limitations of older computers.
When installing Win2000 on a
system with one drive, you should allocate a separate partition
at the front of the drive (as in the above example) for spare
files, booting, and for swap space. The size of the partition
should be your main RAM size plus another 32MB.
If you create multiple
partitions on a boot drive, Windows will always install its
boot-loader information in the first partition. For instance, if
you create a 100MB C: drive for swap space and a D: drive of
1.5GB for your main Win2000 files, the boot loader will be
installed on C:. There's no way to change this during
installation, but it can be edited later.
If you choose an empty
partition, Setup will format the partition in question for you,
and also run integrity tests on the listed drive. When that's
completed (which can take a bit of time on larger drives), Setup
copies the rest of the files to your hard drive and reboots
again. The file copying may take anywhere from two to 20 minutes
depending on the performance of your PC's CD and hard drives.
Once that's done, follow
Setup's on-screen directions for rebooting...
After the system reboots,
Setup enters the second stage of installation, which occurs in
GUI mode. When Setup offers its welcome screen, click Next to
continue; that starts the process of installing device drivers
for Win2000. Figure about 20 to 40 unattended minutes for this
part of the setup, so find something more productive to do
The next step is choosing
regional settings. When sold in the U.S. and possibly elsewhere,
Win2000 comes with settings that assume it's being installed in
the continental United States. If you want to change regional
settings, such as default currency type or supported languages,
click the first Customize button to bring up Regional Options
(exactly the same as the Win2000 Control Panel).
To change the keyboard layout,
click the second Customize button, which opens the Input Locales
tab of the Regional Options dialog. Here you can add keyboard
and font support for different languages.
Next, Setup asks for your name
and organization (if any) to personalize Win2000. You can supply
pretty much any information you want for these fields, but you
must supply a name at the very least to continue. Click Next and
type the 25-character product key that came with your copy of
Win2000 (if not entered previously).
Setup will next ask you to
choose a computer name and an administrative password. By
default, the computer name consists of the first name you
supplied previously, plus a randomly generated tag. You can, and
probably should, replace this with anything you want, so long as
it doesn't conflict with any other computer name on your
network. In multiple boot settings, it's best if the name you
supply in this field is the the computer name used in other
versions of Windows on the same PC.
Setup's next step is to
provide a list of possible optional components to install. Win9x
users in particular, take heed. There's very little if anything
most desktop PC users should change from the default
installation settings on this dialog -- unlike Win98 and Win95.
When in doubt, leave each of the dialog's options, which are
detailed on this page, as you find them.
and Utilities (Checked by default.)
Applets and programs, such as the Calculator or the Character
Map, that offer additional conveniences to Win2000.
Services (Available only on Server.)
A certification authority that lets you issue certificates for
public-key security apps, such as SSL in IIS.
Background indexing service that builds an index of
common text file formats for fast context searches across your
Also known as IIS, this is Microsoft's Web server.
and Monitoring Tools
Tools for monitoring and improving network performance.
Services that help you create distributed applications.
Additional network components that aren't installed by
Network File and Print Services
File and print services that support interoperation with
Remotely installs Win2000 on remote-boot enabled
Archives files to magnetic tape.
Identifies scripting errors.
Services / Licensing (Available only on Server.)
Accesses a Win2000 Server remotely in a graphical desktop.
Media Services (Available only on Server.)
Installs components for streaming media from a Web server.
Check only the components that
apply, or that you're sure you need. They can also be added
later. If you're using 2000 Server as a file and print server
only, for instance, you can uncheck IIS without flinching.
The next step is adjusting date and time. Be sure to use
the correct time zone for your computer, or you'll get bizarre
results with scheduling applications and anything else that's
Network settings are next.
Setup gives you two basic options. The first is Typical, which
installs the most commonly used configuration for networking:
TCP/IP, Microsoft Networks client, and File and Print Sharing
for Microsoft Networks. The second, Custom, lets you add and
configure network protocols and services. If you're in a Windows
networking environment with NT or Win2000 servers, Typical will
probably work fine; that choice delivers you straight to the
Workgroup/Domain selection page.
Right after you choose network
settings, Setup gives you the choice between registering your
computer with a specific workgroup or a Win2000/NT domain.
Select the top choice on the page ("No, I am not part of a
domain") if you want to register with a workgroup, and the
bottom choice ("Yes") if you want to register with a
domain (if available). No matter whether you choose
"Yes" or "No," you must type either a
workgroup name or a domain name in the field at the bottom --
otherwise your PC will not have LAN access.
The last part of the setup
process is non-interactive and consists of copying the required
components and configuring the operating system. This part can
take anywhere from 20 to 60 minutes, depending on the number of
options you're installing and system speed.
Once that's done, reboot.
Congratulations! You've now got yourself a basic Win2000 system.
But, remember that this is only a basic install and we need to
address a few issues, so be sure to read the next section:
Tweaking Your Win2000 Installation
Back to Windows200